Colon cancer and its treatment methods


The colon is the longest part of the large intestine. It is responsible for absorbing nutrients and storing solid waste before transporting it to the rectum. The formation of tumors in the colon is known as cancer. The tumors lead to symptoms like diarrhea, abdominal pain, weakness, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are multiple methods to manage colon cancer. However, these treatments depend on the stage and location of the growth.

Diagnoses at home

Identifying colon cancer in the early stages can help ensure a more effective treatment plan. Colorguard is one such tool used to diagnose colorectal cancer at home. The kit is available with a doctor’s prescription. It can be used to screen for cancer in adults 45 years of age and older by detecting specific DNA markers and blood in the stool.

FDA-approved treatments

There are several FDA- approved treatments prescribed by doctors to manage colon cancer. A few of them are include:

Avastin (Bevacizumab)

The injection is approved to treat metastatic colorectal cancer in case the colon cancer has not spread to other parts of the body. The treatment is combined with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.

Xeloda (Capecitabine)

The FDA-approved treatment is prescribed when colon cancer may have spread to the lymph nodes close to the colon after surgery. It is also prescribed if cancer has spread from the colon to other body parts.

Foods to manage colon cancer

Foods may not eliminate cancer. But having proper nutrition may prevent additional tumor growth. A few healthy foods are:


Apples, bananas, blueberries, and oranges are beneficial for colon cancer. These fruits contain antioxidants, fibers, and phytochemicals known to protect the patient from digestive complications.


Nuts like cashews, almonds, pistachios, and hazelnuts are rich in fiber, flavonoids, and healthy fatty acids. These properties may reduce the risk of developing colon cancer.

Other remedies

Apart from FDA-approved treatments and foods for colon cancer, following these remedies can also help one cope with the condition.

Regular exercise

Indulging in regular exercise helps one stay physically active and curb the risk of developing colon cancer. Patients should speak with their doctor about setting up an ideal exercise plan.

Olive oil

Olive oil contains plant chemicals that are abundant with anti-cancer properties. This helps reduce bile acid and increases enzymes that regulate cell generation in the lining of the intestines.